Ayurvedais not justan ayurvedic treatment method but alsoan art of guidingyou throughan art to lead a lifeandoverall health of thebody. Itdescribes the properfood and lifestyle habits that shouldbefollowed to prevent diseasesfrom ravagingour body. According to Ayurvedaall human beings arebuilt upon five fundamentalelements i.evayu and aakash.agni, jala and prithvi. There are3 governing doshasnamely vata, pittaandkapha.Each person has theirindividual, unique balance of Best Ayurvedic Doctor in Nashik doshas.
Panchakarma isa partof Ayurvedawhich not only eliminateswaste from your bodybut alsobooststhe immune systemand regulatesthe doshas.Panchakarma is considered to be the best andmosteffectivetreatment method for healingwithinAyurvedic Medicine.Itissuggested for maintainingphysical and mental health.It is a time provennatural therapy for detoxification andimproving thehealth.
Panchakarma isanSanskrit wordthat translates to ‘fiveactions’. It isextremely individualized and tailoredaccording to the need,because it is based onthebalance of doshas, age, digestivesystem and so on.Based on the needsof the patientallorpartof the fivekarmas isperformed. Thetherapy eliminates excessdoshas, and also balances the balanceofthe doshas . The therapyremoves the toxins out ofthe bodyby utilizing theorganchannels.
Thewhole process of panchakarmaconsist of-
1) Poorva karma- snehana and swedana
2) Pradhan karma- itincludes virechan, vamanabasti, nasya, andRaktamokshan. These are thefivekarmasi.e panchakarma.
3.) Paschatkarma- it includesthe post therapy diet
Theprincipal goalforsnehanaas well asswedana is tobring thedoshas in a vitiated state to an eliminationform. Itis usedas an independent therapyand aspoorvakarmaof the shodhanChikitsa.
It’s also knownasOleation Therapy.It is atreatments that are done prior tobeginning the Panchakarma therapy.As stated inCharaka Samhita there are mainlyfour kinds of snehana dravyathat are considered to be the most effective for snehan.
1) Ghee (ghrita)
2) Oil (taila)
3) Fat (vasa)
Dadimadighrita, tilataila the bala tailaGhrita and others are amongthemedicines usedinthe snehana.
Thetechnique lubricates all over thebodyusing medicated oil/gheeinternally and externally.When the medicated oil/ghee has beenapplied internally, it is known assnehapanam, it is veryimportant procedure for Panchakarma.
CLASSIFICATION OF SNEHANA-
1) Internal oleation
Itinvolves the consumption ofsnehana dravya , whether in a medicinalornon-medicated way. Itmay or may notbemixedwith other ayurvedicmedicines or food items.This method helps to lubricate thetissuesas well as various areas of thehuman body.
2) External oleation/massage/abhyanga
Italso includes head massage and body massage, as well asgargles, etc. that are medicated with oil.
It’s also known assteam therapyortherapeutic sudation, isthe second procedure performed beforePanchakarma.The treatment improvesblood circulation and eliminates thecontaminants through the pores of the skinfrom the body.
It isthebest method that hasbeeninto practice since longback. Itcan be used as athe shaman Chikitsa as well asas poorvakarma before shodhan chikitsa. Itis performed onan individual part of theperson or all of thebody. Themethod of administeringswedanais not constant, it may changeaccording to the needthat the person.
PRADHAN KARMA OR SHODHAN CHIKITSA
It is amethod of controlling therapeuticvomiting. Vamana therapycan be found inkapha doshas.If the dosha reachessome limit and ismoved to other place and needs tobeexpelledout of thebody. Kapharesidesin the chestarea, soelimination viaan oral pathwayiseasy.
HERBA USED AS VAMAK DRAVYA
Madana phala Panchakarma Treatment in Nashik is thebestvamak dravya. Other herbsthat are used includeKutaja, nimba,yashtimadhu vacha etc.
1.)Gastric emesis – itstimulates the gastric mucosa andthen vomiting center inthe brain.
2.)Central emesis- itstimulates the medullabrain and causes vomiting to occurin the brain.
The coordination of vomiting is controlled by thean oblongata medulla in the brainandis triggered bysalivation and nausea.
BENEFITS OF VAMANA
Theprocess eliminates the aggravatedKapha dosha, increasesmetabolism and digestion,improves the health of your body, increasesthefunctions of senseorgans,increases fertilityandreduces the rate of ageing.
HERBS USED AS VAMAK DRAVYA
Vamana therapyif aggravatedKapha dosha triggers diseaseorwhen dominant kapha dosha in conjunctionwith pitta doesha causesdisease.Vamana therapy is a treatment with certainindications and contra indications.
Thetreatment is appropriate fordiarrhea, dysentery, feverof recent origin such as cold, coughasthma, tumour,urinary tractdisorder anorexia, skin disorders and respiratory disorders, as well as indigestionfibroid, goiter, filariasisand many more.
Patientswith a kapha dosha less thannormalshouldn’t undergovammanatherapy.Pregnant women, withoutsnehana karma, agni that is strong(digestive system), person who isunder stress, or hungry, children, old person or weak, with an enlargedcolon, intestinal parasitesthe prostate is enlarged, etc.in these cases, vamana karmashould be avoided.
Virechan (purgation)is the second form of karmaofpanchakarma. It isone of the most commonlyutilized treatments, especially inillnesses caused bypitta dosha that is aggravated. The pittadoesha is removedforcibly through the anal route.The doshas get eliminated withless effort and less hassleas compared to vamana karma. Itmay also be administeredinpitta-kapha or vata-pittadoshas, where pitta is predominant. Thetherapy requires the following of aeating regimens to attain thenormaldiet , and then completethetreatment.
HERBS USED AS VIRECHAK DRAVYA
Virechan drugs include milk, takra, gavakshi, vacha, punarnava, shala, panchmoola, saptala, haritaki, kashmarya, draksha, jyotishmati, vibhitaki, amalaki, abhaya etc.
Depending upon the medicine administeredVirechan can be classified into two typesThere are two types of virechan –
1.) Snigdha virechan- meaning ofsnigdha isoily. It ismentioned in the context of pitta.isconnected tovata dosha.
2.) Rooksha virechan- itcan be identified when pitta has beenassociated with kapha dosha.
Virechancan be givenconstipation, gout, piles, jaundice, liver disease and splenomegaly. Ascites,dysuria, pain in largecolon, urogenitalsystem infemales and males nasal bleeding, etc.
Insufficiency of the digestive system, diarrhea, dysentery, ulcerin the rectum, an emaciatedpersonafter excessiveoleation treatment, wounds etcarethe cases wherevirechanis not recommended.
3) BASTI KARMA
Inearlier times,thebladder (basti) wasutilized as anequipmentforelimination.The name for thisprocedure is basti Karma.
Basti isa particular treatmentforayurvedic panchakarma.It is a treatment that uses medicated gheeoil, decoction etcare administeredthrough rectal,urinary and vaginal route. Itenhances immunity and promotesoverall health for an individual. Vatadosha causesmany diseasesand basti karmais the remedythat is most effective in calmingvata dosha.Therefore, it is describedas ‘ardhaChikitsa’ .
DEFINITION OF BASTI
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Theadministration of medicines withthe basti, or even vasti(urinary bladder) isknown as basti karma.
One or more of theherbs, decoctions of herbal origin, medicated oil,and other such things, ksheera, mamsarasa, raktaand othermedicines in the form ofliquid are used depending uponthehealth condition of theindividual.
HERBS USED FOR BASTI KARMA
Jeevaka, rishabhaka, jeevanti, guduchi, gokshura, bala, draksha, shatavari, shatpushpa, yashtimadhu, amalaki, brihati, dadima,pippali, vidanga, adraka, musta, nimbi, kutaja etc are used for basti karma.
BENEFITS OF BASTI KARMA-
1.) Expels thedoshas that cause death.
2) Pacifies thedoshas that are aggravated.
3) Acts as aphrodisiac forthose who suffer fromsemen depletion.
4.)It helps in putting onweight and managingthe effects of obesity.
5)Delays ageing and prematuregreying.
6)Provides proper nourishmentandgrowthwithin the structure.
7) Enhances immunity
8)Promotes quality of lifeandextends the life span.